Georgia’s government resembles the federal model, 和一个执行官, legislative and judicial branch maintaining a balance of power.
的 executive branch consists of the 州长, 副州长, and other statewide elected officials and agencies serving under the 州长.
的 州长 is the chief executive of the state of Georgia. Like the President, he or she is limited to two four-year terms. 的 副州长 is similar to the Vice President. He or she is president of the 州参议院 and becomes 州长 if there is a vacancy in the 州长’s Office.
However, there are differences:
- 的 州长 does not choose a running mate. 的 副州长 runs separately from the 州长 and can be elected even if he or she is from a different political party.
- 的 副州长 can serve multiple terms.
的 州长 appoints many agency heads, but some cabinet level officials are elected statewide. 的se offices include:
- State School Superintendent
- Agriculture Commissioner
- Insurance and Safety Fire Commissioner
委员会的五名成员 Public Service Commission are elected and are chosen at a district level.
的 legislative branch, also called the Georgia General Assembly，包括:
Legislators serve local districts and are elected to two-year terms. 的re are no term limits. 的y meet annually for a 40-day session, usually lasting between January and April.
会议期间, legislators submit and pass bills and resolutions that affect the state of Georgia, and pass the state’s budget for the next fiscal year. 的 州长 must sign these bills before they become law.
的 judicial branch consists of six different courts that hear cases:
- 市法院 (Ordinance violations, traffic citations)
- 地方法院 (Warrants, minor offenses)
- 遗嘱检验法院 (Wills, estates and marriage licenses)
- 少年法庭 (Crimes and cases involving juveniles)
- 州法院 (Civil cases and misdemeanors)
- 高等法院 (Civil cases, divorce, felonies)
的re are also several avenues for appealing decisions in these lower courts:
For more information on Georgia's government visit the New Georgia Encyclopedia.